Bunions: Treatment and Prevention


More than one out of three older adults suffer from at least one foot with a bunion, according to a study in Arthritis Care and Research. According to many websites such as jeanbrownresearch.com, bunions are responsible for a person slowing down their walk due to the pain.

What is a bunion?

A bunion is a deformity affecting the base of the big toe. It is typically lumpy and bony, and forces the affected toe to shift, pointing to the other toes of the affected foot. Some bunions may be the product of genetic inheritance. Others may be the long-term effect of wearing high heeled shoes with a pointy or narrow toe end. There are also experts who suggest flat feet may lead to bunions later in life.
It’s hard not to notice a bunion forming, but you may have to observe closer or seek medical opinion if one is starting to form. An angular bump protruding from the side of the foot at the big toe’s base is often the most obvious sign. The bony bump may also have hardened skin or a callus.
Of course, you cannot ignore the pain, either. Your physician is likely to request an x-ray of the affected foot to determine the deformity’s extent. They may also request blood tests to determine whether arthritis is responsible for the discomfort.

What can you do?

Your doctor may recommend special shoes (orthopedic) and give you something for the pain. They may also refer you to an orthopedist, who can recommend specific footwear that reduces pressure on the bunion while also helping the foot return to its normal shape.
There are also other treatments, including surgery. You may also look into bunion removal clinical studies, which may offer a different option.

Can bunions be prevented?

Proper foot care may reduce the possibility of bunion development, but it should begin while you are very young. If your family has a history of bunions, you should observe the shape of your feet as you age. Try to see a doctor at the first sign of a bunion.
Engage in foot exercises, as these are thought to strengthen the feet and thus prevent bunions. Avoid wearing ill-fitting shoes, and don’t wear shoes with heels that are too high.
Bunions are typically painful, but many sufferers often complain about being unable to wear the shoes they like. Take good care of your feet to reduce the chances of bunions forming when you are older.